Benedetto Pallavicino (c. 1551 – 1601) was an Italian composer most known for his numerous madrigals. He also composed sacred motets and masses that were mostly published posthumously. Pallavicino began his musical career as an organist when he was young. He began composing with his first publication being a book of four voice madrigals (1579). In 1583, he joined the court of the Gonzagas of Mantua where he would serve for the rest of his life with composers such as Giaches de Wert, Giovanni Giacomo Gastoldi, and Claudio Monteverdi. Pallavicino died from fever at the age of 50.