Tomás Luis de Victoria, sometimes Italianised da Vittoria (c. 1548 – 27 August
1611), was the most famous composer of the 16th century in Spain, and one of the most important composers of the Counter-Reformation, along with Giovanni da Palestrina and Orlando di Lasso. Victoria was not only a composer, but also an accomplished organist and singer. However, he preferred the life of a composer rather than that of a performer. He is sometimes known as the "Spanish Palestrina" because he may have been taught by Palestrina.